How to Build a Bee Feeder
The use of a bee feeder, like that shown in the sketch, makes the feeding of bees in winter convenient. Syrup is fed to the bees from inverted glass jars, the openings of which are covered with muslin, the jars being encased in a packing of chaff in a wooden covering. The wooden box is made to fit over the hive, as shown in the sketch, and a 2-in. strip is nailed over the joint.
The device is made as follows: Use wood smoothed on both sides; pine, basswood, or other soft wood being satisfactory. Make two pieces, 7/8 in. thick, and the same size as the top of the hive. Into one of these cut two round holes, as shown, to fit the necks of the jars.
Make two pieces, 6 3/4 in. wide, for the sides, and two for the ends, the length being suited to the hive, the dimensions given in the sketch being suggestive only. Make four strips, 2 in. wide, and long enough to fit the four sides of the box.
Nail the pieces of the box together, as shown, nailing the sides over the end pieces, and the top over the frame of sides and ends. Pack chaff into the box, and, after filling the jars with syrup and covering their openings with muslin, pack the jars into the box so that their openings will be level with the bottom through which the holes have been cut.
Fasten the board, with holes for the jars, into place with screws, so that it may be removed when it is desired to remove the jars for refilling. Nail the 2-in. strips around the lower edge of the box so as to cover the joint between the box and the hive.
The feeder is then fitted into place, the bees feeding from the surface of the muslin. The chaff prevents the syrup from congealing in cold weather and so it is always available for the bees. The use of this simple device will prove economical and practical in keeping bees over the winter, assuring them a good food supply, with little effort on the part of the keeper.